July 24, 2021
11 11 11 AM
Vehicle submerged in Colorado pool inspires perfect response from local police
The scorching hot used car market may finally be cooling off
Chippewa Falls man helps others one bicycle at a time
Penske Automotive Group and Cox Automotive Debut Automated Platform for Retailing Used Vehicles
DC police ask for help to ID vehicle used in shooting death of 6-year-old
EV Stocks Could Fly This Summer
Solon Bicycle moves to new location | Destination
HAAH gives up on Chinese cars, will file for bankruptcy
Kansas City police say officers shot at man when vehicle continued to approach them during traffic stop
Brent Spence Bridge project 50% complete, transportation cabinet says
Latest Post
Vehicle submerged in Colorado pool inspires perfect response from local police The scorching hot used car market may finally be cooling off Chippewa Falls man helps others one bicycle at a time Penske Automotive Group and Cox Automotive Debut Automated Platform for Retailing Used Vehicles DC police ask for help to ID vehicle used in shooting death of 6-year-old EV Stocks Could Fly This Summer Solon Bicycle moves to new location | Destination HAAH gives up on Chinese cars, will file for bankruptcy Kansas City police say officers shot at man when vehicle continued to approach them during traffic stop Brent Spence Bridge project 50% complete, transportation cabinet says

Penske Automotive Group and Cox Automotive Debut Automated Platform for Retailing Used Vehicles

In the news release, Penske Automotive Group and Cox Automotive Debut Automated Platform for Retailing Used Vehicles, issued 22-Jul-2021 by Penske Automotive Group, Inc. over PR Newswire, in the first sentence of the second paragraph, Cox Automotive’s technology should be “Esntial Commerce” and not “Essential Commerce”, as originally issued inadvertantly by PR Newswire.

Penske Automotive Group and Cox Automotive Debut Automated Platform for Retailing Used Vehicles

Digital Platform Enables Consumers to Transact 100% Online

BLOOMFIELD HILLS, Mich. and ATLANTA, July 22, 2021 /PRNewswire/ — Penske Automotive Group, Inc., (NYSE:PAG) and Cox Automotive, Inc. (“CAI”), announced today they have jointly developed a transformational, fully automated technology platform to enable the online retail sale of used vehicles. The automated online buying platform, which is owned exclusively by Cox Automotive,allows consumers to select from high-quality, preowned vehicles through PAG’s U.S. CarShop used vehicle SuperCenters and franchised dealerships.

Cox Automotive’s patent-pending artificial intelligence retail technology, Esntial Commerce™, powers CarShop’s U.S. digital platform to provide consumers with an automated,100% online vehicle purchase.  Features include personalized monthly payments across all inventories, trade-in capabilities, application, approval for financing, digital contracting, and digital signatures.

Esntial Commerce offers payment personalization based on the consumer’s risk profile, selected vehicle, and preferred deal structure using an AI/machine learning algorithm. Offering actual financing and the ability to immediately transact online allows consumers to move forward confidently, knowing their financing has been approved.

This industry-first scalable eCommerce platform and its artificial intelligence enable automation for retail operations so that consumers can:

  • Instantly compare up to four vehicles
  • Receive personalized payments for the consumer’s selected vehicles based on each consumer’s credit profile, including payments for taxes, titling, and other fees
  •  Select their payment terms based on credit profile
  •  Add aftermarket protection products
  • Determine trade-in value
  • Receive approval for financing
  • Complete and sign deal paperwork online
  • Make any required down payment
  • Arrange for delivery directly to the consumer’s preferred location, either at home or one of CarShop’s U.S. locations

CarShop is the first retailer in-market with Cox Automotive’s industry-leading solution. Penske Automotive Group Chair Roger Penske said, “Over the last year the PAG and CAI teams have collaborated on this unparalleled technology that delivers a completely digital solution to the marketplace. This new digital platform meets the digital-first demands of today’s customer while providing us with the opportunity to offer our customers 100% online functionality.” 

“Penske’s CarShop powered by Cox Automotive Esntial Commerce delivers personalization, F&I automation, and a seamless closing of the transaction when buying a vehicle online,” said Steve Rowley, President, Cox Automotive. “No one has delivered an automotive eCommerce solution that can scale to support the industry’s transformation for retailers and for consumers – until now. As our solution matures, we expect it to drive both consumer satisfaction and profitability.”

PAG has launched this fully functioning digital platform in select markets through its CarShop used vehicle SuperCenters at www.carshop.com.  Cox Automotive continues to focus on development to further enhance the user experience, operational efficiencies, market


Stellantis just made an ‘aggressive’ $35.5 billion commitment to electric vehicles

The company is planning for 70% of its sales in Europe and 40% of sales in the US to be either fully electric or plug-in hybrid (but with a large majority of those vehicles being fully electric) within four years, Stellantis CEO Carlos Tavares said during an online presentation.

“[The plan] is among the most aggressive electric vehicle commitments the industry has yet seen,” said Karl Brauer, an industry analyst with ISeeCars.com.

Among its upcoming offerings will be an all-electric muscle car from Stellantis’ Dodge brand, as well as an all-electric Ram pickup.

The new Dodge is expected in 2024. Dark images in Stellantis’ video presentaion show it to have sharp corners and retro styling, much like the current Dodge Challenger. It also shows a light-up version of Dodge’s triangular 1960’s logo.

Dodge CEO Tim Kuniskis offered no further details, but made it clear that Dodge will continue as a high-horsepower performance brand. It has become clear, though, that electric cars offer real performance competition to the traditional internal combustion V8 engines Dodge is famous for. Tesla’s electric Model S four-door sedan can now at least match the drag strip performance of a highly specialized Dodge performance coupe, like the Challenger Demon.
Kuniskis admitted that engineers are reaching the performance limits of internal combustion engines and now require at least some assistance from electric motors to get large gains in power and performance. Even exotic sports car makers, like Ferrari and McLaren, are introducing plug-in hybrids, not just as a way of beating emissions standards, but as a way of increasing speed.

As part of its electrification plan, Stellantis is creating four different electric vehicle “platforms,” or core engineering setups. One will be for compact vehicles, like the Fiat 500, one for medium-sized vehicles, like mid-sized sedans and crossovers, and another for larger vehicles, like SUVs, large sedans or minivans. All of those will incorporate battery packs into the floor of the vehicle.

A fourth platform will be engineered with a separate metal frame with the battery packs carried between the frame rails. This structure, similar to the one Ford uses in the all-electric F-150 Lightning pickup, will be for trucks like the electric Ram 1500 pickup, which is also planned for 2024.

The electric vehicles will be able to drive up to about 500 miles on a charge, according to Stellantis. The company expects that, by 2026, the total ownership cost of electric vehicles, including fuel and insurance costs, will be the same as for internal combustion-powered vehicles without any government incentives.

The company plans a full line of electric and plug-in hybrid trucks and commercial vehicles. These will include ones with a new technology Stellantis is calling Range Electric Paradigm Breaker. Without providing any details, Stellantis executives promised it would allow towing and hauling without concerns about reduced driving range.

Jeep promises more plug-in vehicles like thisGrand Cherokee 4xe.

Stellantis will also operate five large battery factories in North America and Europe and the company expects to have made advances in solid state battery


New recycling techniques set to make electric vehicles greener

  • Robots could be used to speed up material separation
  • Cost savings of 60% possible
  • U.S., UK scientists focus on different technologies

LONDON, July 1 (Reuters) – Researchers in Britain and the United States have found ways to recycle electric vehicle batteries that can drastically cut costs and carbon emissions, shoring up sustainable supplies for an expected surge in demand.

The techniques, which involve retrieving parts of the battery so they can be reused, would help the auto industry tackle criticism that even though EVs reduce emissions over their lifetime, they start out with a heavy carbon footprint of mined materials.

As national governments and regions race to secure supplies for an expected acceleration in EV demand, the breakthroughs could make valuable supplies of materials such as cobalt and nickel go further. They would also reduce dependence on China and difficult mining jurisdictions.

“We can’t recycle complex products like batteries the way we recycle other metals. Shredding, mixing up the components of a battery and pyrometallurgy destroy value,” Gavin Harper, a research fellow at the government-backed Faraday Institution in Britain, said.

Pyrometallurgy refers to the extraction of metals using high heat in blast furnaces, which analysts say is not economic.

Current recycling methods also rely on shredding the batteries into very small pieces, known as black mass, which is then processed into metals such as cobalt and nickel.

A switch to a practice known as direct recycling, which would preserve components such as the cathode and anode, could drastically reduce energy waste and manufacturing costs.

Researchers from the University of Leicester and the University of Birmingham working on the Faraday Institution’s ReLib project have found a way to use ultrasonic waves to recycle the cathode and anode without shredding and have applied for a patent.

The technology recovers the cathode powder made up of cobalt, nickel and manganese from the aluminium sheet, to which it is glued in the battery manufacture. The anode powder, which would typically be graphite, is separated from the copper sheet.

Andy Abbott, a professor of physical chemistry at the University of Leicester said separation using ultrasonic waves would result in cost savings of 60% compared with the cost of virgin material.

Compared with more conventional technology, based on hydrometallurgy, which uses liquids, such as sulphuric acid and water to extract materials, he said ultrasonic technology can process 100 times more battery material over the same period.

Abbott’s team has separated battery cells manually to test the process, but ReLib is working on a project to use robots to separate batteries and packs more efficiently.

As supplies and scrap levels take time to accrue, Abbott said he expected the technology to initially use scrap from battery manufacturing facilities as the feedstock and the recycled material would be fed back into battery production.


In the United States, a government-sponsored project at the Department of Energy called ReCell is in the final stages of demonstrating different, but also promising recycling technologies that refurbish battery cathode to make


Karma Automotive Debuts First Club Car Current Vehicles Produced Under Contract Manufacturing Agreement With AYRO

The relationship with AYRO is part of Karma Automotive’s ongoing business-to-business (B2B) initiatives, utilizing KICC and the company’s OEM expertise and capabilities, to provide manufacturing, engineering, design, and other services to customers in the mobility space.

By combining AYRO’s end-user, market intelligence and engineering expertise with KICC’s manufacturing capabilities and development experience, the companies aim to deliver light-duty trucks and electric delivery vehicles to businesses across the U.S. The Club Car Current is engineered for multiple bed options and accessories—van box, pickup truck with sides, flatbed configurations—for fleet versatility. It is also certified under California’s California Air Resource Board (CARB) Certification Program with “cleanest” scores for global warming and air quality of zero emission vehicles, making it an ideal solution for the local market.      .

“Having the first of these vehicles roll off the line at our KICC facility is a great step forward in our relationship with AYRO and Club Car and will help us deliver on our Climate Pledge efforts to become net-zero by 2040,” said Dr. Lance Zhou, Karma’s Chief Executive Officer. “We look forward to growing our B2B business and delivering clean energy vehicles for other customers in the future.”

Karma Chief of Staff, Mikael Elley, said, “KICC’s strategic Southern California location near major supply routes, combined with our expertise and proximity to one of the largest electric vehicle markets, makes us an attractive partner. Our proven capabilities and quick turnaround times enable us to work with a wide range of customers—including startups and traditional automakers—to make their products succeed.”

“Karma is helping us meet strong demand from our fleet customers in delivering the initial run of vehicles from their Moreno Valley facility despite supply chain hurdles impacting production for the rest of the industry,” said AYRO CEO Rod Keller. “These purpose-built electric vehicles are fully customizable, affordable and available now, delivering on our brand promise to provide real-world solutions that meet the needs of businesses of all types.”

“Karma has done a fantastic job in meeting tight deadlines, and their plant exceeded our rigorous quality standards in assembling the new 2022 Club Car Current,” said Club Car Commercial Leader, Brant Mitchell. “The Current features new options for improved safety and comfort in the same compact, customizable design that universities, restaurants, governments, hospitals, hotel resorts, sports stadiums, and airports across the U.S. have come to love.”

Beginning operations in 2017 and re-named in 2019, the Karma Innovation and Customization Center (KICC) is California-based Karma Automotive’s production hub. The KICC facility in Moreno Valley, CA houses production of the company’s current model, the 2022 Karma GS-6 luxury electric vehicle. In addition to providing high quality craftsmanship and technology integration for Karma vehicles, KICC also provides contract manufacturing, engineering, and other services for various companies in the mobility space.

KICC sprawls over 556,000 square feet and is home to the company’s chassis and body shops, trim and final assembly, e-coat and paint shop, complete flash and end-of-line testing. The facility contains


SOS – Vehicles

SOS – Vehicles

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  • Secretary of State Alert

    Secretary of State offices are open. To protect staff and public health, offices will only provide services by appointment, and only offer critical services that cannot be completed online, by mail or at a self-service station. Advance appointments become available six months ahead of time. Next-day appointments become available for booking the previous weekday at 8 a.m. and noon. Many transactions can be completed from home by mail or using online services. Vehicle registration tabs can be printed immediately at any of our self-service stations.

    **NOTE: Gov. Whitmer signed legislation that temporarily extends the expirations of all Michigan driver’s licenses, state IDs and vehicle registrations through September 30.  

    **NOTE: From Aug. 24, through Sept. 30, all branch offices will extend hours until 7 p.m. to offer special appointments for residents to renew driver’s licenses or state ID cards that expire between Jan. 1 and Oct. 31, 2020, and require a branch visit. Customers with driver’s licenses or state ID cards that meet that criteria can schedule an appointment between 4 and 7 p.m. Monday through Friday from Aug. 24 through Sept. 30, 2020. To make an appointment, visit Michigan.gov/SOSAppointments or call 888-SOS-MICH (767-6424).


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Transportation And Vehicles Vocabulary Words In English

Transportation and vehicles vocabulary words in English with useful list and pictures. Knowing how to talk about various types of transportation is a huge advantage when leaning to speak English. This can prove useful in a variety of situations such as talking about how to prefer to get to and from work or school as well as being hugely advantageous when asking about public transport options. This is also useful vocabulary to have when thinking about the conversations surrounding travel and holidays.

In this section, you will be learning a whole wealth of handy vocabulary relating to transportation and getting from A to B.

Transportation and Vehicles Vocabulary

Transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another. Vehicles include automobiles, bicycles, buses, cars, trains, trucks, people, helicopters, watercraft, spacecraft and aircraft…

Types of Vehicles Vocabulary

Learn English vocabulary for vehicles through pictures.

  • Van
  • Taxi
  • Police car
  • Bus
  • Ambulance
  • Skateboard
  • Baby carriage (US)/ Pram (UK)
  • Bicycle
  • Mountain bike
  • Scooter
  • Motorcycle
  • Fire engine
  • Crane
  • Forklift
  • Tractor
  • Recycling truck
  • Cement mixer
  • Dump truck
  • Subway
  • Aerial tramway
  • Helicopter
  • Airplane
  • Balloon
  • Tram (UK)/ Streetcar (US)
  • Carriage
  • Rowboat
  • Boat
  • Train

Common Vehicles Vocabulary | Image

Transportation and Vehicles Vocabulary

Types of Ships and Boats

Learn ship names and boat names in English.

  • Battleship
  • Destroyer
  • Ferry
  • Schooner
  • Ship
  • Barge
  • Boat
  • Catamaran
  • Canoe
  • Yacht
  • Gondola
  • Hovercraft
  • Sailboat
  • Trawler
  • Submarine

Types of Ships and Boats | Image

Types of Ships and Boats | Image

Types of Trucks

Truck names in English. 

  • Pickup
  • Tractor
  • Tow truck
  • Fire engine
  • Van
  • Cement mixer
  • Tanker
  • Tractor-trailer
  • Forklift
  • Car transporter

Types of Trucks Vocabulary | Image

Types of Trucks Vocabulary | Image

Car Parts Vocabulary

Learn different parts of a car in English. 

  • Headlight
  • Mirror
  • Window
  • Trunk (US)/ Boot (UK)
  • Brake light
  • Tire (US)/ Tyre (UK)
  • Door
  • Hubcap
  • Gas tank (US)/ Petrol tank (UK)
  • Windshield (US)/ windscreen (UK)
  • Hood (US)/ Bonnet (UK)
  • Roof
  • Turn signal/ Blinker
  • Bumper
  • Door handle
  • Rear-view mirror
  • Windshield wiper (US)/ Windscreen wiper (UK)
  • License plate (US)/ Number plate (UK)

Parts of A Car Vocabulary | Image

Parts of A Car Vocabulary | Image

Bicycle Parts Vocabulary

Names of bike parts in English. 

  • Handlebar
  • Brake lever
  • Brake cable
  • Seat
  • Rear brake
  • Crossbar
  • Frame
  • Crank
  • Wheel
  • Chain
  • Pedal
  • Chain wheel
  • Front brake
  • Front fork
  • Hub
  • Spoke
  • Rim
  • Tire

Bicycle Parts Vocabulary | Image

Bicycle Parts Vocabulary | Image

Motorcycle Parts

Parts of a Motorcycle in English

  • Throttle
  • Brake
  • Helmet
  • Pillion (U.K)
  • Taillight
  • Seat
  • Fuel tank
  • Engine
  • Turn signal
  • Headlight
  • Mudguard
  • Suspension
  • Tire
  • Axle
  • Muffler
  • Oil tank
  • Air filter
  • Brake pedal

Parts of a Motorcycle Vocabulary | Image

Parts of a Motorcycle Vocabulary | Image

Aircraft Parts Vocabulary

Names of parts of an aircraft in English

  • Nose
  • Flight deck
  • Fuselage
  • Cabin
  • Fin
  • Tail
  • Tailplane
  • Hold
  • Wing
  • Jet engine
  • Undercarriage

Parts of an Aircraft Vocabulary | Image

Parts of an Aircraft Vocabulary | Image

Road Signs (in the U.K) Vocabulary

Names of road signs in the U.K with pictures. 

  • Ahead only
  • Turn left ahead
  • Turn left
  • Minimum speed
  • Maximum speed
  • Stop and yield
  • No waiting
  • No stopping
  • No entry
  • Roundabout
  • No motor vehicles
  • No cycling
  • No left turn
  • No U-turn
  • No overtaking
  • No blowing of horn
  • Two-way traffic ahead
  • Road narrows on both sides
  • Hump
  • Uneven road
  • Slippery road
  • Wild animals
  • Roundabout

Procedures for the Submission of Petitions by North American Producers of Passenger Vehicles or Light Trucks To Use the Alternative Staging Regime for the USMCA Rules of Origin for Automotive Goods

Start Preamble

Office of the United States Trade Representative.

Request for petitions.

For a limited period, a North American producer of passenger vehicles and light trucks (vehicle producer) may request an alternative to the standard staging regime for the rules of origin for automotive goods under the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA or the Agreement) using the procedures and guidance for submitting petitions in this notice.

To be assured of consideration, a vehicle producer must submit a petition with a draft alternative staging plan no later than July 1, 2020. A vehicle producer must submit a petition with its final alternative staging plan no later than August 31, 2020.

Submit petitions by email to USMCAAutosCommittee@ustr.eop.gov. For alternatives to email submissions, please contact Kent Shigetomi, Director for Multilateral Non-Tariff Barriers at (202) 395-9459 in advance of the deadline and before submission.

Start Further Info

Kent Shigetomi, Director for Multilateral Non-Tariff Barriers at (202) 395-9459.

End Further Info
End Preamble
Start Supplemental Information

I. Introduction

A. Background

On June 12, 2017 (82 FR 23699), the President announced his intention to commence negotiations with Canada and Mexico to modernize the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). On November 30, 2018, the Governments of the United States, Mexico, and Canada (the Parties) signed the protocol replacing NAFTA with the USMCA. On December 10, 2019, the Parties signed the protocol of amendment to the USMCA.

The USMCA includes new rules of origin to claim preferential treatment for Start Printed Page 22239automotive goods, including higher Regional Value Content (RVC) thresholds, mandatory requirements to produce core parts in the region, mandatory steel and aluminum purchasing requirements, and a Labor Value Content (LVC) requirement. The Agreement allows vehicle producers to request an alternative staging regime for these requirements that would permit a longer period of transition to help ensure that future production is able to meet the new rules. The standard staging regime is specified under the Automotive Appendix to Chapter 4 of the USMCA (Automotive Appendix), with the exception of Article 8, which specifies provisions relating to the alternative staging regime. You can find information about the estimated impact of the USMCA rules of origin on investment, production, and employment in the U.S. automotive sector on the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) website: https://ustr.gov/​trade-agreements/​free-trade-agreements/​united-states-mexico-canada-agreement/​us-automotive-sector.

B. Overview of the Alternative Staging Regime

The alternative staging regime differs from the standard staging regime by providing additional time and a different phase-in of the new requirements. It provides an alternative to certain rules of origin requirements for passenger vehicles and light trucks, but does not replace any other rules of origin or any provisions of general applicability for these goods to claim preferential treatment under the USMCA.

For instance, under an alternative staging regime, importers of certain passenger vehicles and light trucks will have an additional two years—five years instead of three—to meet the requirements, and the vehicles will have different RVC and LVC thresholds.

To qualify for an alternative staging regime, a vehicle producer must submit


Definition of Vehicles, Vehicle Types, and Routes

Definition of Vehicles, Vehicle Types, and Routes

Filename extension .rou.xml
Type of content Vehicles, Vehicle Types, and Routes
Open format? Yes
SUMO specific? Yes
XML Schema routes_file.xsd

There are various applications
that can be used to define vehicular demand for SUMO. Of course it is
also possible to define the demand file manually or to edit generated
files with a text editor. Before starting, it is important to know that
a vehicle in SUMO consists of three parts:

  • a vehicle type which describes the vehicle’s physical properties,
  • a route the vehicle shall take,
  • and the vehicle itself.

Both routes and vehicle types can be shared by several vehicles. It is
not mandatory to define a vehicle type. If not given, a default type is
used. The driver of a vehicle does not have to be modelled explicitly.
For the simulation of persons which walk around or ride in vehicles, additional definitions are necessary.

Initially, we will define a vehicle with a route owned by him only:

    <vType id="type1" accel="0.8" decel="4.5" sigma="0.5" length="5" maxSpeed="70"/>

    <vehicle id="0" type="type1" depart="0" color="1,0,0">
      <route edges="beg middle end rend"/>


By giving such a route definition to SUMO (or
SUMO-GUI), SUMO will build a
red (color=1,0,0) vehicle of type “type1” named “0” which starts at time
0. The vehicle will drive along the streets “beg”, “middle”, “end”, and
as soon as it has approached the edge “rend” it will be removed from the

This vehicle has its own internal route which is not shared with other
vehicles. It is also possible to define two vehicles using the same
route. In this case the route must be “externalized” – defined before
being referenced by the vehicles. Also, the route must be named by
giving it an id. The vehicles using the route refer it using the
“route”-attribute. The complete change looks like this:

    <vType id="type1" accel="0.8" decel="4.5" sigma="0.5" length="5" maxSpeed="70"/>

    <route id="route0" color="1,1,0" edges="beg middle end rend"/>

    <vehicle id="0" type="type1" route="route0" depart="0" color="1,0,0"/>
    <vehicle id="1" type="type1" route="route0" depart="0" color="0,1,0"/>


A vehicle may be defined using the following attributes:

Attribute Name Value Type Description
id id (string) The name of the vehicle
type id The id of the vehicle type to use for this vehicle.
route id The id of the route the vehicle shall drive along
color color This vehicle’s color
depart float (s) or one of triggered, containerTriggered The time step at which the vehicle shall enter the network; see #depart. Alternatively the vehicle departs once a person enters or a container is loaded
departLane int/string (≥0, “random”, “free”, “allowed”, “best”, “first”) The lane on which the vehicle shall be inserted; see #departLane. default: “first”
departPos float(m)/string (“random”, “free”, “random_free”, “base”, “last”, “stop”) The position at which the vehicle shall enter the net; see #departPos. default: “base”
departSpeed float(m/s)/string (≥0, “random”, “max”, “desired”, “speedLimit”) The speed with which the vehicle shall enter the network; see #departSpeed. default: 0
arrivalLane int/string (≥0,”current”) The lane at which the vehicle shall leave the

Hydrogen Cars Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure

Some say hydrogen cars are the future, but in reality they are here now (just ask Hyundai and Toyota). When H2 cars become the status quo, the U. S. can lessen its dependence upon foreign oil, achieve lower prices at the fuel pumps and cut down on the greenhouse gases that produce global warming.




The future of H2 cars is not a pipe dream, as there are already many hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (FCV’s) and H2ICE (hydrogen internal combustion engine) vehicles on the roads. California, Japan and the European Union (especially Germany) have many H2 cars being used as fleet vehicles now.

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Cars

In 2005, Honda leased the first commercial FCV to a family in Redondo Beach, California. In 2008, the Honda FCX Clarity became the first production line built fuel cell lease vehicle rolled out to the same family plus dozens others. In late 2012, Hyundai started building production line fuel cell vehicles for sales to fleet managers worldwide.

For the past 36 years, the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has been conducting research on fuel cells for use in transportation, industry and residential use.

Unlike many of the hybrid and “green” vehicles currently on the market, hydrogen fuel cells can offer the promise of zero emission technology, where the only byproduct from the automobiles is heat and water vapor. Current fossil-fuel burning vehicles emit all sorts of pollutants such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrous oxide, ozone and microscopic particulate matter.

Zero Emissions …

Hybrids and other green autos address these issues to a large extent but only hydrogen cars hold the promise of zero emission of pollutants. The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that fossil-fuel automobiles emit 1 ½ billion tons of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere each year and going to hydrogen fuel based transportation would all but eliminate this.

Not only that, H2 autos will lessen the United States’ dependence upon foreign oil. The so-called “hydrogen highway” will mean less dependence upon OPEC, the big U. S. oil companies, oil refinery malfunctions and breakdowns and less resistance from oil-selling nations like Venezuela and Saudi Arabia or from hostile nations who would rather sell elsewhere.

BMW with Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine

Consumers will finally get a break from the never-ending rising prices at the gasoline pumps.

President George W. Bush, when he was in office, allocated approximately $2 billion in hydrogen highway research funds. Former California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger was pushing to get 200 H2 fueling stations built by 2010 stretching from Vancouver, British Columbia, all the way down to Baja, California (but had fallen short of this goal because of a poor economy and lack of political will).

Since Californians buy one-fifth of the nation’s automobiles, this location is one of the world’s hotbeds for FCV technology. This is especially true around the Los Angeles area.

New fuel cell technology could replace the current gasoline engine in what is called “disruptive technology” where something so innovative comes along it simply