Major features, such as the car’s transmission, engine type and all-wheel
drive, can have a big impact on the value of the car. The same goes for
options such as leather seats, navigation, a sunroof or automatic climate
control. If you can remember your car’s options off the top of your head,
great. If not, here are some suggestions on where to get the information you
The vehicle’s original window sticker (which has the car’s mpg and total MSRP) is the best place to find the options. Unfortunately, few
people actually hang on to the sticker. Without it, your best bet is to sit in
your car and make a note of its options.
If you’re using a smartphone, tablet
or laptop (assuming you’re within Wi-Fi range), you can complete the options
check from the driver’s seat. It is crucial to get the style and options
right. Without them, you may be under- or overvaluing your car.
Coming clean on condition levels
Our tool will ask you to pick from five condition levels: outstanding, clean,
average, rough and damaged. Most people will choose one of three: clean, average or rough.
You might be tempted to choose “outstanding” to get more money for your used
auto. After all, you’ve pampered your car the entire time you’ve owned it,
right? But the truth is that few cars qualify for this rating.
“Outstanding” is reserved for older, low-mileage vehicles in cases where
well-preserved examples are hard to find, says Richard Arca, senior manager of
pricing for Edmunds.
Edmunds True Market Value (TMV®) used car prices are all set at
“clean” condition, Arca says. The price of a car in a less-than-clean state is
adjusted downward from there, and it reflects what it would cost to bring the
vehicle up to a clean state.
If your vehicle was in an accident, it could still be considered “clean” if it
was repaired with factory parts and according to the manufacturer’s
specifications, Arca says.
“In reality, cars that have been in accidents tend to lose market value, but
there is really no way to gauge how much,” Arca says. He adds that some of the
factors that affect the value are the severity of the damage, the quality of
the repair, and the demand for that particular model.
Be honest and objective about the state of your used vehicle. Try to see
things from a potential buyer’s perspective.
It’s easy to be real
Getting a realistic up-to-date value for your car is key to what you do next,
whether you decide to trade it in, list it for sale on a site like Autotrader,
or even keep it for a while longer. By using the Edmunds car appraisal tool to
do your research, you’ll have a clear-eyed assessment of your car’s actual
worth, not a number based on guesswork and high hopes.
Source Article …
Although steam-powered road vehicles were produced earlier, the origins of the automotive industry are rooted in the development of the gasoline engine in the 1860s and ’70s, principally in France and Germany. By the beginning of the 20th century, German and French manufacturers had been joined by British, Italian, and American makers.
Developments before World War I
Most early automobile companies were small shops, hundreds of which each produced a few handmade cars, and nearly all of which abandoned the business soon after going into it. The handful that survived into the era of large-scale production had certain characteristics in common. First, they fell into one of three well-defined categories: they were makers of bicycles, such as Opel in Germany and Morris in Great Britain; builders of horse-drawn vehicles, such as Durant and Studebaker in the United States; or, most frequently, machinery manufacturers. The kinds of machinery included stationary gas engines (Daimler of Germany, Lanchester of Britain, Olds of the United States), marine engines (Vauxhall of Britain), machine tools (Leland of the United States), sheep-shearing machinery (Wolseley of Britain), washing machines (Peerless of the United States), sewing machines (White of the United States), and woodworking and milling machinery (Panhard and Levassor of France). One American company, Pierce, made birdcages, and another, Buick, made plumbing fixtures, including the first enameled cast-iron bathtub. Two notable exceptions to the general pattern were Rolls-Royce in Britain and Ford in the United States, both of which were founded as carmakers by partners who combined engineering talent and business skill.
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In the United States almost all of the producers were assemblers who put together components and parts that were manufactured by separate firms. The assembly technique also lent itself to an advantageous method of financing. It was possible to begin building motor vehicles with a minimal investment of capital by buying parts on credit and selling the finished cars for cash; the cash sale from manufacturer to dealer has been integral in the marketing of motor vehicles in the United States ever since. European automotive firms of this period tended to be more self-sufficient.
The pioneer automobile manufacturer not only had to solve the technical and financial problems of getting into production but also had to make a basic decision about what to produce. After the first success of the gasoline engine, there was widespread experimentation with steam and electricity. For a brief period the electric automobile actually enjoyed the greatest acceptance because it was quiet and easy to operate, but the limitations imposed by battery capacity proved competitively fatal. Especially popular with women, electric cars remained in limited production well into the 1920s. One of the longest-surviving makers, Detroit Electric Car Company, operated on a regular basis through 1929.
Steam power, a more serious rival, was aided by the general adoption, after 1900, of the so-called flash boiler, in which steam could be raised rapidly. The steam car was easy
En español | About 600,000 older adults stop driving each year, according to the National Association of Area Agencies on Aging (n4a).
That can make it harder for aging or ill loved ones to make doctor’s appointments, shop for necessities, visit family or attend social events. And that increases their isolation, negatively affecting their health and well-being.
Transportation can become one of the biggest responsibilities for family caregivers. About 40 percent of caregivers spend at least five hours a week providing or arranging transport, according to a 2018 survey from the National Aging and Disability Transportation Center (NADTC), a program administered by n4a and Easterseals that promotes accessible transit.
Providing transportation is not always easy or convenient. “Some family caregivers just can’t leave their job every time somebody needs a ride to the doctor, much less even to the grocery store,” says Virginia Dize, an n4a program director and codirector of the NADTC.
Finding alternatives for times you can’t get your loved one where they need to go likely will require some research. But a variety of options are available that can lessen the burden on caregivers and help older and disabled people keep appointments and stay socially connected.
When you can’t provide a ride
The types of transit available differ widely from location to location, as do opportunities for specialized or discount service.
Metropolitan areas tend to be transportation-rich, with public bus, rail or trolley lines and various commercial options. In small towns and rural regions, you might have to rely on prebooked “demand response” services or volunteer organizations.
In a joint publication on transportation options, NADTC and Eldercare Locator, a federal directory of local services for seniors, list several programs and services geared in varying degrees to helping older and disabled people get around. Remember that not all of these options are available everywhere, but your area is likely to feature at least some.
Primarily bus and rail services, operated and financed by federal, state and local governments, with fixed routes and set schedules, these systems usually offer discounted fares for older adults and people with disabilities. Vouchers may be available as well.
Some transit agencies and local aging or disability organizations provide free training to help riders learn to travel safely. Buses, railcars and stations usually will have accessibility features, but public transit might not be a suitable alternative for people who will have difficulty navigating stairs, waiting outside or walking to and from stops.
Public transit agencies are required by law to provide “complementary paratransit service” for people who are unable to use regular lines. Paratransit operates during the same hours as normal service and covers comparable routes.
Riders must meet eligibility criteria set out in the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA). Vehicles typically are vans outfitted for accessibility.
Trips should be scheduled at least a day in advance and generally are shared with other passengers who have booked similar times. Paratransit providers typically have a 30-minute pickup window, from 15 minutes before
Your car is a crucial and cost-effective tool for moving from place to place. You really need to make sure your vehicles are in the best condition at all times.
It contributes to keeping both you and your passengers safe while you are on the road. That is the reason why you need to service your car and thoroughly inspect it to make sure every part is in good shape.
Based on the opinions of experts on ReviewsBird.com, here are 5 of the most necessary things to do to keep your car well maintained.
1. Check the pressure of your tires:
From customer reviews, the tires are very easy to wear and tear and are perhaps the most neglected component of the vehicle. The tire pressure check also means that there are fewer injuries, perforations and pressure problems. It is a major step that must be taken into account in the overall car inspection as it also keeps you safe while driving.
2. Take note of the fluids:
Every driver should know that in a couple of months, oil and oil filters must be changed. In addition to petrol, vehicle vehicles use many other fluids that often need to be changed such that the car continues to work properly. If your oil filter is blocked, the engine will not perform properly and you can then change it before your car is destroyed.
3. Check your lights:
A cracked or burnt-out lamp is a security danger that will pose a lot of danger when not attended to. Learn how to check every bulb in your vehicle carefully. When a light goes off, send the car to a specialist to find out if it is the bulb or fuse that need to be changed. Focus on the headlights as they are the main safety lights on your vehicle. Try taking a few additional precautions, for example to keep lenses transparent as they tend to fade, and to substitute bulbs.
4. Always clean the windscreen:
A filthy windscreen with bugs and dirt is a security concern because it obscures your vision while driving. So, wash it daily; take the entire windscreen with the cleaning solution using the spongy portion of the gas station squeegee. Then remove your squeegee from the center of the windshield firmly and pull it from top to bottom to finish the remaining line. This is particularly relevant after a longer driving trip on the highway where your windshield is covered with carcasses of insects. A large stain that darkens your vision could be caused if you decide to clean it by the application of washing fluid and wipers in your vehicle. Even though your cleansers play a part in getting the windscreen clean too.
5. Seat belts:
Having the belts and pads of your vehicle in good condition will help keep the car going and can help prevent it from breaking down while you are travelling on the road. Your car systems will malfunction if your …
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Car financing refers to the various financial products that allow a person to purchase a car, including car loans and leases. The most common way to buy a car in the United States is to borrow money and then pay it in installments. Over 85% of new cars and half of the used cars are financed, say drivers on us-reviews.com.
Before you decide to buy a car in installments we suggest you read reviews related to American car companies. If you are planning to buy a car, but cash is not a solution for you, start informing yourself about how to buy in installments.
What does a car purchased in installments entail?
In the case of a car loan, the owner of the car is the user, the bank being only the institution that grants the financial loan, which it will subsequently recover in monthly installments.
In this situation, it should be mentioned that the customer has owned the car since the beginning of the crediting period. The customer also can repay the loan in full at any time during the contract. In general, car loans involve higher interest rates and a busier bureaucracy than personal loans.
After you have decided on how to finance, the next step in making the final decision follows: finding the most advantageous loan or leasing offer on the financial market.
Advantages of car loan compared to other ways of financing
For people interested in purchasing a car, but who do not have the necessary funds, financial institutions have three dedicated products in their financing offer:
- car loan
- personal needs loan
- car leasing
If we had to choose between them, car loans have obvious advantages: lower interest than personal loans, and the customer becomes the owner of the car from the beginning of the lending period, as opposed to leasing financing.
Also, the amounts borrowed by car loans are higher than in the case of personal loans, being between 2000 euros and 75000 euros. And in the case of a car loan, unlike car leasing, there is the possibility of early repayment of the loan after at least 6 months from its contracting.
The car loan can be used to buy a new or used car, depending on the bank’s specifications.
The repayment period is between 6 months and 7 years. In general, for second-hand cars, the amount borrowed is lower, and the loan repayment period is shorter, reflecting the repayment period of the guarantee.
To be able to choose a financial solution – personal or car loan, car leasing – the particularities of these products must be analyzed. In the case of the personal needs loan, the destination of the borrowed amount must not be justified, and the amount granted may cover other expenses occasioned by the purchase of the car. That would be the main advantage. A car loan is a type of financing with a specific destination and does not cover other costs besides the purchase of the …