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Austin Police ram vehicle that drove through active crash scene
Pa. transportation funding panel readies $15.6B package with mileage-based fee
SRAM opens TIME pedal factory in Portugal
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Ex-Toyota Europe CEO van Zyl dies at age 63
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Austin Police ram vehicle that drove through active crash scene Pa. transportation funding panel readies $15.6B package with mileage-based fee SRAM opens TIME pedal factory in Portugal Biden wants U.S automakers to pledge 40% electric vehicles by 2030 -sources N.Y.’s Transit System Could Receive $10 Billion in Infrastructure Deal 2022 Subaru BRZ Starts Just Under $29,000 Review: The best bicycle tyre inflators to use with an air compressor Ex-Toyota Europe CEO van Zyl dies at age 63 CPS transportation exec on leave after contentious busing plan rollout Here’s How To Import A Japanese Car To America Without Hassle
Jun
2021
28

Why Cities Should Ban Cars, According to Science

Brakelights come on as vehicles head east out of Los Angeles on the Interstate 10 freeway in Alhambra, California on May 27, 2021, ahead of the Memorial Day weekend.

Brakelights come on as vehicles head east out of Los Angeles on the Interstate 10 freeway in Alhambra, California on May 27, 2021, ahead of the Memorial Day weekend.
Photo: Frederic J. Brown (Getty Images)

New research shows we have to start getting cars off the road—and fast—if we want to avoid cities being overrun by gridlock.

In the study published in the journal Open Science on Tuesday, researchers modeled city residents’ personal decisions of how to travel across a town. Understanding how cars affect cities and commute times is of vital importance, both for the sake of the climate—transportation is the biggest share of U.S. emissions and a growing chunk globally—and quality of life.

Right now, more than 80 million cars are produced worldwide each year. Absurdly, that means they’re increasing as fast as the global population. A bipartisan group of senators and President Joe Biden also just endorsed an infrastructure deal with $109 billion for roads and other auto-related infrastructure. While the U.S. admittedly needs some upgrades, doing so could perversely lock in more car use that the new study shows could be a catastrophe.

The researchers modeled the time car trips take, factoring in the baseline length of the trip on empty streets, the time added by other drivers who create traffic, and the time added by the designation of some street lanes for exclusive use by pedestrians, buses, and bikes. They also did the same for public transit, which in the study, includes biking and walking as well.

The model showed a phenomenon anyone who’s driven in a city is surely familiar with: This choice creates an inherent paradox. If more people decide that driving is quicker, there will be more traffic, clogging streets and making trips longer. The longest trips across town, the authors found, were the ones taken when every single resident tries to reduce their commute times by driving, thus creating the most traffic.

The study admits that the models are in some ways reductive. For one, it assumes that city populations are homogeneous and that all residents have equal access to all modes of transport without factoring in things like cost or the inequitable distribution of bike lanes. It also lumps together walking, biking, and all forms of public transit.

“Of course in real life, cycling may take a different length of time than the monorail,” Rafael Prieto Curiel, a postdoctoral researcher at the Mathematical Institute of the University of Oxford and the study’s lead author, said. “But also, let’s be honest, what happens today is that using public transport … can require a bit of other things, like usually a bit of walking or a bit of cycling to the bus.”

But despite its simplistic nature, the model is instructive, showing the logical fallacy of attempting to reduce drive times by increasing the use of cars.

The authors also discuss some ways to reduce the time it takes to get

Apr
2020
9

Engineering & Design | College of Science & Engineering

The Engineering & Design Department office is currently closed for the safety of students, staff, and faculty.  We are working remotely and are available to answer your questions.  Please call 360.650.3380 or send an email to engd@wwu.edu.  We are available!  Thank you for your patience and understanding. 

 

The Engineering & Design Department, in the College of Science and Engineering, offers access to four Bachelor of Science degrees: Electrical Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering, Plastics & Composites Engineering, and Industrial Design. These programs place an emphasis on practical laboratory experiences, in addition to theoretical course work. Each program’s curriculum is designed with input from strong industrial advisory committees to prepare students for professional positions in industry. It is important to know that admissions and advising information is specific to each major and students are encouraged to become familiar with the requirements. 

Alumni

Graduates of the programs have consistently been placed in positions appropriate to their field of study. Companies that employ graduates include Alpha, Boeing, CH2M-Hill, Cypress Semiconductor, Daktronics, Fleck, Fluke, Janicki Industries, Mentor Graphics, Microsoft, Nike, Physio-Control, PACCAR, Pro-CNC, Oculus, R & D Plastics, Rane Corporation, Rothenbuhler Engineering, SpaceX, TEAGUE, Tempress, Triquest, Universal Avionics, and Safran.

Current Students

Students have numerous opportunities to participate in projects and undergraduate research with faculty members. Additionally, students can choose to work on projects directly with industry partners as part of their course work. Some of the companies that have participated in research and other projects include Anvil Studios, Artefact, Avante, Conterra, Microsoft, Milwaukee Tool, PACCAR, Nike, Tethers Unlimited, Hexcel, R&D Plastics, and Safran.

Department Newsletters

Fall 2019

Fall 2018

 

Source Article

Apr
2020
4

Science of Cycling: A History of Bicycling Timeline

Timeline

1817 Baron von Drais invents the Draisine (also known as a Hobby Horse
or Swift-Walker), an improved celerifere than can be steered with handlebars.



 Draisine  Draisine


1839 Kirkpatrick MacMilan of Scotland adds cranks and treadmills
to the rear axle of a two-wheeled vehicle, but gains only local notoriety.


1858 Pedals are added to the front wheel of a two-wheeled machine,
creating a bone-jarring machine challed the velocipede or “boneshaker.”

 Velocipede  Velocipede

1868 Velocipedes are manufactured in the United States and velocipede
riding becomes a popular fad.

1869 Solid rubber tires replace iron velocipede tires and the
term “bicycle” is first used.


1872 The Ariel, the first high-wheel Ordinary, is manufactured
in Britian.


 Ordinary  Ordinary

1876 The Ordinary or high-wheeler is first displayed in America.

1877 First U.S.-made Ordinary manufactured.


1880 League of American Wheelmen is founded and begins lobbying
for better roads.


 


1884 Thomas Stevens pedals across the United States –from Oakland,
California, to Boston Massachusetts. J. K. Starley invents the “safety
bicycle.”


 Saftey Bicycle  Starley Saftey bicycle

1889 Pneumatic rubber tires invented.


1894 Fashion designers re-introduce the bloomer costume, freeing
women from the restrictive corsets and dress of the time.


1895 Chicago puts its mailmen on bicycles; the price of a good-quality
horse reaches a new low; four schoolmarms stir up controversy by wearing
bloomers to work.


1896 Margaret Valentine Le Long rides from Chicago to San Francisco;
coaster brakes are invented; Henry Ford builds his first succesful automobile.


Ford’s first automobile  Ford's Automobile


1898 Bicyles’ popularity in the United States declines.


1899 “Mile-a-Minute” Murphy sets a bicycle speed record
— one mile in 57.75 seconds.


1903 Bicycle mechanics Wilbur and Orville Wright fly 120 feet
in the first succesful airplane.


1962 New bicycle boom begins.


1972 Bicycles outsell cars in the United States –13 million to
11 million; bicycle thefts account for 17% of all larcenies in the U.S.


1973 Dr. Allan Abbott sets a bicycle speed record, reaching 138.674
mph on the Bonneville Salt Flats.


1975 First Internation Human Powered Speed Championships held.


1976 2,000 cyclists celebrate the Bicentennial by riding across
America.

1981 The Specialized Stumpjumper became the first mass-produced mountain
bikes. It helps popularize the sport.


1984 The road race becomes the first women’s cycling event at
the Olympics.


1985 John Howard of the US sets a new bicycle speed record of
152.284 mph. The first person to go over 150 miles an hour on a bicycle.


1995 Fred Rompelberg of the Netherlands sets a new bicycle speed
record of 166.9 mph. At the time, he was 50 years old, and the world’s
oldest professional cyclist.


1996 Mountain biking introduced as an Olympic sport.


 

Source Article

Mar
2020
29

Who Invented the Bicycle? | Live Science

You might think that an invention as simple as the bicycle would have an uncomplicated past. But as it turns out, this highly popular invention has a history fraught with controversy and misinformation. While stories about who invented the bicycle often contradict one another, there’s one thing that’s certain — the very first bicycles were nothing like the ones you see cruising down the street today. 

The first known iterations of a wheeled, human-powered vehicle were created long before the bicycle became a practical form of transportation. In 1418, an Italian engineer, Giovanni Fontana (or de la Fontana), constructed a human-powered device consisting of four wheels and a loop of rope connected by gears, according to the International Bicycle Fund (IBF).

In 1813, about 400 years after Fontana built his wheeled contraption, a German aristocrat and inventor named Karl von Drais began work on his own version of a Laufmaschine (running machine), a four-wheeled, human-powered vehicle. Then in 1817, Drais debuted a two-wheeled vehicle, known by many names throughout Europe, including Draisienne, dandy horse and hobby horse. 

Curious contraptions

Drais built his machine in response to a very serious problem — a dearth of real horses. In 1815, Mount Tambora, in Indonesia, erupted and the ash cloud dispersed around the world a lowered global temperatures. Crops failed and animals, including horses, died of starvation, according to Smithsonian magazine. 

Drais’ hobby horses were a far cry from the aerodynamic speed machines that are today’s bicycles. Weighing in at 50 lbs. (23 kilograms), this bicycle ancestor featured two wooden wheels attached to a wooden frame. Riders sat on an upholstered leather saddle nailed to the frame and steered the vehicle with a rudimentary set of wooden handlebars. There were no gears and no pedals, as riders simply pushed the device forward with their feet.

Drais took his invention to France and to England, where it became popular. A British coach maker named Denis Johnson marketed his own version, called “pedestrian curricles,” to London’s pleasure-seeking aristocrats. Hobby horses enjoyed several years of success before they were banned from sidewalks as a danger to pedestrians. The fad passed, and by the 1820s, the vehicles were rarely seen, according to the National Museum of American History (NMAH).

Drawing from an 1887 German encyclopedia of various velocipedes, penny-farthings and other human-powered vehicles. (Image credit: Public domain.)

Bone shakers and penny-farthings

Bicycles made a comeback in the early 1860s with the introduction of a wooden contraption with two steel wheels, pedals and a fixed gear system. Known as a velocipede (fast foot) or a “bone shaker,” the brave users of this early contraption were in for a bumpy ride.

The question of who invented the velocipede, with its revolutionary pedals and gear system, is a bit murky. A German named Karl Kech claimed that he was the first to attach pedals to a hobby horse in 1862. But the first patent for such a device was granted not to Kech but to Pierre Lallement, a French carriage

Sep
2018
5

Transportation Science

The logistics services have gone a means forward within the transport sector and in the present day you can not discover one single transport company who does not present logistics companies to its purchasers. The execution management and provider communication helps the shippers to seek out the tools needed to help them in selecting the best carriers along with shipping value calculation. Vancouver’s neighbours have transportation plans that talk to growing travel by foot, bicycle, and transit, though they differ in focus, method, and scale.

The stories present far we’ve come to meeting the mode share-goals of the Transportation 2040 Plan and Greenest City Action Plan. One of many earliest methods to move people and issues was by traveling within the water. If you’re coming into a business involving the motion of goods reminiscent of transport, trucking, courier services or logistics then additionally, you will have the chance to spread your model far and wide.

Beginning a pet transportation enterprise really relies on the size that you really want your business to be. If you want to start on a smaller scale, all you really need might be a pickup truck that has been modified to be secure and suitable for the transport of animals.

We provide innovative and integrated onboard computing and cellular communications systems that allow managers to get data-pushed enterprise intelligence at their fingertips. Air freight has turn out to be extra frequent for merchandise of high worth; whereas lower than one % of world transport by quantity is by airline, it quantities to forty percent of the value.

Cruising around Chicago is a breeze by way of its huge public transportation system and fleet of taxis. Vehicles also require personalized seatbelts for wheelchair certain passengers. Because of the excessive price of constructing and sustaining roads, transportation was managed in accordance with tight stipulations and great care was taken that a relative mild most weight was allowed for the different modes of transport.

3) Price- I checklist this third on the record because, imagine it or not, value isn’t as huge as people need to play it out to be. You see, if your product does not make it is vacation spot safely and in good transit time, it will not matter for those who acquired a dust low-cost rate as a result of you’ll have a really unhappy customer.…