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Archive of posts published in the category: mode
May
20

Mode of transport – Wikipedia

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Mode of transport is a term used to distinguish between different ways of transportation or transporting people or goods. The different modes of transport are air, water, and land transport, which includes Rails or railways, road and off-road transport. Other modes also exist, including pipelines, cable transport, and space transport. Human-powered transport and animal-powered transport are sometimes regarded as their own mode, but never fall into the other categories. In general, transportation is used for moving of people, animals, and other goods from one place to another. The means of transport, on the other hand, refers to the (motorized) vehicles necessary for transport according to the chosen mode (car, airplane, ship, truck and rail). Each mode of transport has a fundamentally different technological solution, and some require a separate environment. Each mode has its own infrastructure, vehicles, and operations.

Animal-powered[edit]

Animal-powered transport is the use of working animals for the transport of people and/or goods. Humans may use some of the animals directly, use them as pack animals for carrying goods, or harness them, alone or in teams, to pull sleds or wheeled vehicles.

A fixed-wing aircraft, typically airplane, is a heavier-than-air flying vehicle, in which the special geometry of the wings generates lift and then lifts the whole vehicle. Fixed-wing aircraft range from small trainers and recreational aircraft to large airliners and military cargo aircraft. For short distances or in places without runways, helicopters can be operable.[1] (Other types of aircraft, like autogyros and airships, are not a significant portion of air transport.)

Air transport is the fastest method of transport, Commercial jets reach speeds of up to 955 kilometres per hour (593 mph) and a considerably higher ground speed if there is a jet stream tailwind, while piston-powered general aviation aircraft may reach up to 555 kilometres per hour (345 mph) or more. This celerity comes with higher cost and energy use,[2] and aviation’s impacts to the environment and particularly the global climate require consideration when comparing modes of transportation.[3] The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates a commercial jet’s flight to have some 2-4 times the effect on the climate than if the same CO2 emissions were made at ground level, because of different atmospheric chemistry and radiative forcing effects at the higher altitude.[4] U.S. airlines alone burned about 16.2 billion gallons of fuel during the twelve months between October 2013 and September 2014.[5] WHO estimates that globally as many as 500,000 people at a time are on planes.[2] The global trend has been for increasing numbers of people to travel by air, and individually to do so with increasing frequency and over longer distances, a dilemma that has the attention of climate scientists and other researchers,[6][7][8] the press,[9][10] and the World Wide Web.[11] The issue of impacts from frequent travel, particularly by air because of the long distances that are easily covered in one or a few days, is

Apr
12

Insights Into the Refrigerated Transport Market, 2020-2025 by Mode of Transportation, Technology, Temperature, Application and Region

DUBLIN, April 6, 2020 /PRNewswire/ — The “Refrigerated Transport Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2020-2025” report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com’s offering.

The global refrigerated transport market is currently witnessing strong growth. Looking forward, the market is projected to expand at a CAGR of around 6% during 2020-2025.

The growing food and beverage industry represent as one of the key factors driving the growth of the market. This, along with the growth of the cold chain industry across the globe, is further contributing to the market growth.

Furthermore, owing to the growing health-consciousness among consumers, the demand for frozen variants of various fresh products has increased, along with the growing demand for the service from residential as well as foodservice operators, such as quick-service restaurants (QSRs), hotels and other eateries. Since the food products and raw materials require controlled temperatures during transportation for storage and prevention of spoilage, refrigerated transport has become integral to the distribution process.

Additionally, the manufacturing of temperature-sensitive pharmaceutical drugs and expanding trade opportunities across the globe, are also providing a thrust to the market growth.

Other factors, such as the implementation of favorable government policies and regulations regarding the production, processing, transportation and quality of products, along with the increasing adoption of marine transport vehicles, owing to their cost-effectiveness, are projected to drive the market further.

The competitive landscape of the industry has also been examined with some of the key players being C. H. Robinson, Daikin Industries, FedEx, DB Schenker, General Mills, Hyundai Motor Company, Ingersoll Rand Inc., Krone Commercial Vehicle Group, LAMBERET SAS, United Technologies, Utility Trailer Manufacturing Company, Schmitz Cargobull, Singamas Container, Wabash National, etc.

Key Questions Answered

  • How has the global refrigerated transport market performed so far and how will it perform in the coming years?
  • What are the key regional markets?
  • What is the breakup of the market based on the mode of transportation?
  • What is the breakup of the market based on the technology?
  • What is the breakup of the market based on the temperature?
  • What is the breakup of the market based on the application?
  • What are the various stages in the value chain of the industry?
  • What are the key driving factors and challenges in the market?
  • What is the structure of the global refrigerated transport market and who are the key players?
  • What is the degree of competition in the market?

Key Topics Covered

1 Preface

2 Scope and Methodology

3 Executive Summary

4 Introduction
4.1 Overview
4.2 Key Industry Trends

5 Global Refrigerated Transport Market
5.1 Market Overview
5.2 Market Performance
5.3 Market Forecast

6 Market Breakup by Mode of Transportation
6.1 Refrigerated Road Transport
6.2 Refrigerated Sea Transport
6.3 Refrigerated Rail Transport
6.4 Refrigerated Air Transport

7 Market Breakup by Technology
7.1 Vapor compression Systems
7.2 Air-Blown Evaporators
7.3 Eutectic Devices
7.4 Cryogenic Systems

8 Market Breakup by Temperature
8.1 Single-Temperature
8.2 Multi-Temperature

9 Market Breakup by Application
9.1 Chilled Food Products
9.2 Frozen Food Products
9.3 Others

Apr
8

Testing V2T (Vehicle to Tent) mode for the Hyundai Kona electric

Whilst CCS charging has yet to officially have the Vehicle to Grid (V2G) capacity available in some countries for CHAdeMO DC charging port fitted vehicles* – the Hyundai Kona electric (which uses the more common CCS DC charging system) does offer a ‘Vehicle to Tent’ function#.

Kona ‘User Settings’ menu

Rather confusingly called ‘Utility Mode’, when activated, it enables all the vehicle 12V systems to be run by the main high-voltage pack. As a result, a fully charged Kona electric can provide many days worth of light to medium duty 12V power to a camping site!

kona utility mode

To enable this ‘V2T’ mode, the Kona needs to be powered on, but in ‘Park’ and with the parking brake activated. At this point the driver’s display menu item ‘Utility mode’ (found in the ‘User settings’ menu) becomes available for selection.

When enabled, all the vehicle 12V systems are fed via the on-board 400V to 12V converter from the 64kWh high voltage battery pack instead of the (very much smaller capacity) 12V lead-acid battery. (The car also cannot be shifted from Park to be driven until the vehicle is switched off, then on again, via the ‘Power’ button).

Note:

* V2G capacity for the CCS charging system is currently being trialled by a number of charger and EV manufacturers and should become available soon as competition to CHAdeMO V2G systems.

# This function is also available in the 2020 Ioniq electric. It can be found there under ‘User Settings → Convenience → Utility Mode’.


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