Daily Archives: February 22, 2021

Archive of posts published in the specified Day

Feb
22

Definition of Vehicle by Merriam-Webster

ve·​hi·​cle


| ˈvē-ə-kəl
How to pronounce vehicle (audio)

also ˈvē-ˌhi-kəl
How to pronounce vehicle (audio)


1

: a means of carrying or transporting something

planes, trains, and other vehicles

: such as




b

: a piece of mechanized equipment

2

: an agent of transmission : carrier

3

: a medium through which something is expressed, achieved, or displayed

an investment vehicle


especially

: a work created especially to display the talents of a particular performer

4a

: an inert medium (such as a syrup) in which a medicinally active agent is administered


b

: any of various media acting usually as solvents, carriers, or binders for active ingredients or pigments

Source Article

Feb
22

automotive industry | History, Overview, Definition, Developments, & Facts

Although steam-powered road vehicles were produced earlier, the origins of the automotive industry are rooted in the development of the gasoline engine in the 1860s and ’70s, principally in France and Germany. By the beginning of the 20th century, German and French manufacturers had been joined by British, Italian, and American makers.

Developments before World War I

Most early automobile companies were small shops, hundreds of which each produced a few handmade cars, and nearly all of which abandoned the business soon after going into it. The handful that survived into the era of large-scale production had certain characteristics in common. First, they fell into one of three well-defined categories: they were makers of bicycles, such as Opel in Germany and Morris in Great Britain; builders of horse-drawn vehicles, such as Durant and Studebaker in the United States; or, most frequently, machinery manufacturers. The kinds of machinery included stationary gas engines (Daimler of Germany, Lanchester of Britain, Olds of the United States), marine engines (Vauxhall of Britain), machine tools (Leland of the United States), sheep-shearing machinery (Wolseley of Britain), washing machines (Peerless of the United States), sewing machines (White of the United States), and woodworking and milling machinery (Panhard and Levassor of France). One American company, Pierce, made birdcages, and another, Buick, made plumbing fixtures, including the first enameled cast-iron bathtub. Two notable exceptions to the general pattern were Rolls-Royce in Britain and Ford in the United States, both of which were founded as carmakers by partners who combined engineering talent and business skill.

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In the United States almost all of the producers were assemblers who put together components and parts that were manufactured by separate firms. The assembly technique also lent itself to an advantageous method of financing. It was possible to begin building motor vehicles with a minimal investment of capital by buying parts on credit and selling the finished cars for cash; the cash sale from manufacturer to dealer has been integral in the marketing of motor vehicles in the United States ever since. European automotive firms of this period tended to be more self-sufficient.

The pioneer automobile manufacturer not only had to solve the technical and financial problems of getting into production but also had to make a basic decision about what to produce. After the first success of the gasoline engine, there was widespread experimentation with steam and electricity. For a brief period the electric automobile actually enjoyed the greatest acceptance because it was quiet and easy to operate, but the limitations imposed by battery capacity proved competitively fatal. Especially popular with women, electric cars remained in limited production well into the 1920s. One of the longest-surviving makers, Detroit Electric Car Company, operated on a regular basis through 1929.

Steam power, a more serious rival, was aided by the general adoption, after 1900, of the so-called flash boiler, in which steam could be raised rapidly. The steam car was easy

Feb
22

Transportation Services for Seniors Who No Longer Drive


En español | About 600,000 older adults stop driving each year, according to the National Association of Area Agencies on Aging (n4a).

That can make it harder for aging or ill loved ones to make doctor’s appointments, shop for necessities, visit family or attend social events. And that increases their isolation, negatively affecting their health and well-being.

Transportation can become one of the biggest responsibilities for family caregivers. About 40 percent of caregivers spend at least five hours a week providing or arranging transport, according to a 2018 survey from the National Aging and Disability Transportation Center (NADTC), a program administered by n4a and Easterseals that promotes accessible transit.

Providing transportation is not always easy or convenient. “Some family caregivers just can’t leave their job every time somebody needs a ride to the doctor, much less even to the grocery store,” says Virginia Dize, an n4a program director and codirector of the NADTC.

Finding alternatives for times you can’t get your loved one where they need to go likely will require some research. But a variety of options are available that can lessen the burden on caregivers and help older and disabled people keep appointments and stay socially connected.

When you can’t provide a ride

The types of transit available differ widely from location to location, as do opportunities for specialized or discount service.

Metropolitan areas tend to be transportation-rich, with public bus, rail or trolley lines and various commercial options. In small towns and rural regions, you might have to rely on prebooked “demand response” services or volunteer organizations.

In a joint publication on transportation options, NADTC and Eldercare Locator, a federal directory of local services for seniors, list several programs and services geared in varying degrees to helping older and disabled people get around. Remember that not all of these options are available everywhere, but your area is likely to feature at least some.

Public transit

Primarily bus and rail services, operated and financed by federal, state and local governments, with fixed routes and set schedules, these systems usually offer discounted fares for older adults and people with disabilities. Vouchers may be available as well.

Some transit agencies and local aging or disability organizations provide free training to help riders learn to travel safely. Buses, railcars and stations usually will have accessibility features, but public transit might not be a suitable alternative for people who will have difficulty navigating stairs, waiting outside or walking to and from stops.

Paratransit

Public transit agencies are required by law to provide “complementary paratransit service” for people who are unable to use regular lines. Paratransit operates during the same hours as normal service and covers comparable routes.

Riders must meet eligibility criteria set out in the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA). Vehicles typically are vans outfitted for accessibility.

Trips should be scheduled at least a day in advance and generally are shared with other passengers who have booked similar times. Paratransit providers typically have a 30-minute pickup window, from 15 minutes before

Feb
22

List of bicycle brands and manufacturing companies

Wikimedia list article

This page lists notable bicycle brands and manufacturing companies past and present. This article relates to pedal cycles. tricycles and power assisted cycles but does not include Motorcycles. For bicycle parts, see List of bicycle part manufacturing companies.

Many bicycle brands do not manufacture their own product, but rather import and re-brand bikes manufactured by others (e.g., Nishiki), sometimes designing the bike, specifying the equipment, and providing quality control. There are also brands that have, at different times, been manufacturers as well as re-branders: a company with manufacturing capability may market models made by other (overseas) factories, while simultaneously manufacturing bicycles in-house, for example, high-end models.[1]

Only brands or manufacturers that are notable as a bicycle brand should be included. If no page exists for the company or brand, then the page to be linked to should be created first or a reference provided as to its notability or the entry will probably be removed.

International manufacturers[edit]

Bicycle manufacturers are in many cases members of “Groups”, i.e. they have several product names – so-called “brands”. Examples include the following:

  • Calcott Brothers – UK (defunct)
  • Calfee Design – United States
  • Caloi – Brazil
  • Campion Cycle Company – UK
  • Cannondale – an American division of Canadian conglomerate Dorel Industries
  • Canyon bicycles – Germany
  • Catrike – United States (Recumbent trikes)
  • CCM – Canada
  • Centurion – United States
  • Cervélo – Canada
  • Chappelli Cycles – Australia
  • Chater-Lea – UK
  • Chicago Bicycle Company – United States (defunct)
  • CHUMBA – United States
  • Cilo – Switzerland
  • Cinelli – Italy
  • Ciombola – Australia
  • Clark-Kent – United States (defunct)
  • Claud Butler – UK
  • Clément – France (defunct)
  • Co-Motion Cycles – United States
  • Coker – United States
  • Colnago – Italy road bike benders
  • Columbia Bicycles – United States
  • Corima – France
  • Cortina Cycles – United States
  • Coventry-Eagle – UK (defunct – see Falcon Cycles)
  • Cruzbike – United States, recumbent
  • Cube Bikes – Germany
  • Currys – UK, no longer makes bicycles
  • Cycle Force Group – United States
  • Cycles Devinci – Canada
  • Cycleuropa Group – Sweden, manufactures such brands as: Bianchi, Crescent, DBS, Everton, Gitane, Kildemoes, Legnano, Micmo, Monark, Puch, Spectra, and Cyclepro
  • Cyclops – Australia
  • Cyfac – France
  • Dahon – United States, China
  • Dario Pegoretti – Italy
  • Dawes Cycles – UK
  • Defiance Cycle Company – UK (defunct)
  • Demorest – United States (restructured as Lycoming Foundry and Machine Company and discontinued bicycle manufacturing)
  • Den Beste Sykkel (better known as DBS) – Norway
  • Derby Cycle – Germany, owns Kalkhoff, Focus, Nishiki, Rixe, Raleigh and Univega
  • De Rosa – Italy
  • Cycles Devinci – Canada (not to be confused with daVinci Designs of United States, who make tandems.)
  • Di Blasi Industriale – Italy
  • Diamant – Germany. Owned by Trek
  • Diamant – Norway
  • Diamondback Bicycles – United States
  • Dolan Bikes – UK
  • Dorel Industries – Canada, owns Pacific Cycle and markets under brand names including Cannondale, Iron Horse, Schwinn, Mongoose, Roadmaster, and GT
  • Dunelt – UK (defunct)
  • Dynacraft – United States, owns Magna and Next
  • Kalkhoff – Germany
  • Kangaroo –