India will soon bring in its vehicle scrappage policy which is expecting a final clearance from the finance ministry, will focus on eradicating the old polluting commercial vehicles plying in the country.
Vehicle Scrapping Policy likely to finalised soon; says Nitin Gadkari
Union Minister, Nitin Gadkari, on Thursday said India’s own vehicle scrappage policy is likely to be finalised soon. According to a report in PTI, India will soon get its vehicle scrappage policy. The highly-awaited policy is awaiting a final clearance from the finance minsitry. The policy will focus on scrapping old polluting vehicles plying in the country. Once approved, the policy will be applicable on all vehicles including two-wheelers and three-wheelers. The Union Minister also mentioned that this policy will help boost the automobile sector and it will also help in reducing the production cost. The vehicle scrappage policy was earlier sent for an additional consultation with stakeholders on the direction of the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO).
Also Read: Scrappage Policy In Final Stage, To Get Cabinet Approval Soon: Nitin Gadkari
The Union Minister also added that the transport ministry was ready to extend the compliance timelines on regulations under the Motor Vehicles Act, excluding the vehicles affecting road safety.
In a video conference with the members of SIAM (Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers), over the impact of COVID-19 on the automobile sector the Union Minister said, “The scrapping policy will be finalised soon. It is going to boost the industry. It is going to reduce the production cost. Yesterday also, I had a discussion with the Secretary and we will make it as early as possible.”
The automobile players present in the meeting urged the ministry to extend the timeline for the registration of BS-IV vehicles sold before March 31 along with other relaxations.
Gadkari also claimed that once the policy is approved, India could emerge as a hub for automobile manufacturing as key raw material available from scrapping such as steel, aluminium and plastic are generally recycled, which will bring down the prices of automobiles by 20 to 30 per cent.
In a bid to increase demand for electric vehicles, the government proposed amendments to motor vehicle norms in July 2019 to allow scrapping of vehicles older than 15 years. As per a draft notification, the government had proposed renewal of fitness certificates for vehicles older than 15 years by every six months instead of one year.
The government also proposed that the newly purchased motor vehicles can be exempted for payment of fees for a registration certificate and assignment of the new registration mark, if the customer gives scrapping certificate of the previous vehicle of the same category issued by the authorised scrapping centre.
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Australian fast charging company ChargeFox has installed a sizeable battery installation in Goulburn to support its new ultra-rapid electric vehicle charger, as well as earning income from providing frequency services to the grid, and saving money by avoiding a grid upgrade.
The 250kW/273kWh battery, using LG-Chem cells and Vacon inverters, has been designed and installed by PowerTec, and is the second time that ChargeFox has chosen a battery as a cheaper alternative to upgrading the permanent power supply at a charging site.
“In Goulburn we have a 180kW connection to the grid, which powers about 30kW of constant load at the service station, leaving 150kW for the chargers. We’ve installed 750kW of Tritium chargers there, with about 50kW of solar coming,” says Evan Beaver, head of charging at ChargeFox.
“The battery is 250kW/273kWh, and monitors the grid supply, the petrol station load and the charger demand and lops the demand peaks. Using the battery in this primary function is cost effective against a 500kW grid connection upgrade and worth doing on its own. Adding solar to this mix lowers the cost of charging the battery.”
Beaver says the battery can operate for about one hour at full power, but has the ability to change power quickly and respond automatically to grid disturbances, That makes it perfect for the FCAS market, which it will offer as a secondary function.
“So using a battery in Goulburn has reduced our installation costs, reduced charging site electrical costs, increased the use of renewables and improved grid stability,” Beaver says. “The costs are a touch high to use them everywhere right now, but I can see batteries getting used in this way more and more in coming years.”
Giles Parkinson is founder and editor of The Driven, and also edits and founded Renew Economy and One Step Off The Grid. He has been a journalist for 35 years and is a former business and deputy editor of the Australian Financial Review.
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Imagine yourself after a hot day of driving, hiking and setting up camp… you have trekked through desert dust and your muscles are tired and sore. What better way is there to wash and scrub up than under an invigorating hot shower. But you’re in the most remote part of Australia, so it must be a dream, right? Wrong – we’re not talking about cold showers here, or even solar hot water showers but real hot showers with pressure that you can enjoy on even the most remote outback trip. Most of the components for these showers are installed under the bonnet of your vehicle and utilises the engines cooling system to heat up an external water supply. This supply may be water from a creek or water-filled container and is pumped to a Heat Exchange Unit and then back to your shower – nice and hot. So now you like the idea? Yes, most of us do, so let’s look go over the common questions.
How Much Water is Used?
Typically, a 5 – 10L bucket of water is suitable for a shower for one person. Recycling shower water is a smart trick for showering the family. Simply, stand in a big bucket while you shower with the inlet hose taking the run-off back into the system. This way you can cycle the water through the heat exchanger continuously. Soap suds etc do not damage the heat exchange unit.
How long your bucket of water takes to empty depends on the pressure that your pump delivers the water and if any flow restrictor is implemented on your shower head. You can do the maths by working out how many litres of water the pump is designed to deliver. Some water pumps are designed to deliver around 4 litres of water a minute (4 LPM), whilst others may deliver up to 7 litres per minute (7 LPM).
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Ignition cranking during startup and load dumps during shutdown are common sources of voltage transients on an automotive supply line. These undervoltage (UV) and overvoltage (OV) transients can have significant magnitudes and will damage circuits that are not designed to operate during these extremes.
Specialized UV and OV protection devices have been developed to disconnect sensitive electronics from power supply transients. For example, protection devices can monitor the input supply using a window comparator and then validate that it is within range. Similarly, the supply voltage can be monitored by a resistive divider network connected to the UV and OV monitor pins. The window comparator output can then drive the gates of two N-channel MOSFETs that make or break the connection between the supply and the load. The window comparator can be designed with hysteresis on its monitor pins to improve noise immunity. Hysteresis can prevent false MOSFET on/off switching due to ripple or other high frequency oscillations on the supply line. For example, 25 mV of hysteresis is equivalent to 5% of the monitor pin thresholds and is common for UV and OV protection devices.
For their own protection or to reduce ignition loading, some automotive accessory circuits must be disconnected from the supply line during startup or shutdown. Due to the large transients involved, these circuits may require more hysteresis than the protection device can provide by itself. For such applications, the increased hysteresis requirement can be satisfied by matching the protection device with a supply monitor that has adjustable hysteresis. This article walks through how to design a wide voltage range automotive circuit protector.
Figure 1. Power path control with wide voltage monitor hysteresis
Automotive UV/OV and Overcurrent Monitor with Circuit Protection
The architecture shown in Figure 1 protects electronics that are sensitive to undervoltage, overvoltage, and overcurrent transients present on an automotive supply. Figure 1 is an example of a wide voltage range automotive circuit protector. In this circuit, an LTC4368 from Analog Devices serves as the specialized UV and OV protection device and is responsible for connecting the load to the supply. The role of the window comparator is managed by an LTC2966.
The LTC2966 monitors reverse voltage, undervoltage, and overvoltage conditions. Monitoring thresholds and hysteresis levels are configured by the resistor networks on the INH and INL pins and the voltages on the RS1 and RS2 pins. OUTA is the UV window comparator output and OUTB is the OV window comparator output. The polarity of these outputs can be selected to be inverting or noninverting with respect to the inputs via the PSA and PSB pins. In Figure 1, they are configured to be noninverting. The OUTA and OUTB outputs from the LTC2966 are pulled up to the REF pin of the LTC2966 and are fed directly to the UV and OV pins of the LTC4368.
The LTC4368 provides reverse current and overcurrent protection. The size of the current sense resistor, R11, determines the reverse current and overcurrent levels. The LTC4368 decides if the
The Low or No Emission competitive program provides funding to state and local governmental authorities for the purchase or lease of zero-emission and low-emission transit buses as well as acquisition, construction, and leasing of required supporting facilities. Under the FAST Act, $55 million per year is available until fiscal year 2020.
- Watch our four-minute video highlighting the Low and No-Emission Grant Program, which supports new technologies that are changing the makeup of bus fleets nationwide.
Allocation of Funding
Funding is allocated to projects on a competitive basis, from proposals submitted to FTA in response to a Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO). Past project selections include:
- View the April 2018 National RTAP Webinar: FTA Low No Emissions Program Grant Writing
- FTA contracts with the National Renewable Energy Lab to evaluate zero-emission bus research and demonstration projects.
- FTA hosted webinars on deploying low- or no-emission buses that feature speakers from agencies that have been successful in introducing zero-emission buses, including recipients of FTA’s Low-No grants.
Eligible applicants include direct recipients of FTA grants under the Section 5307 Urbanized Area Formula program, states, and Indian Tribes. Except for projects proposed by Indian Tribes, proposals for funding eligible projects in rural (non-urbanized) areas must be submitted as part of a consolidated state proposal. States and other eligible applicants also may submit consolidated proposals for projects in urbanized areas.
Eligible projects include:
- purchasing or leasing low- or no-emission buses
- acquiring low- or no-emission buses with a leased power source
- constructing or leasing facilities and related equipment (including intelligent technology and software) for low- or no-emission buses
- constructing new public transportation facilities to accommodate low- or no-emission buses
- rehabilitating or improving existing public transportation facilities to accommodate low- or no-emission buses
49 U.S.C. 5339 (c)/FAST Act Section 3017
Funds are available the year appropriated plus three years.
All eligible expenses under the Low-No Program are attributable to compliance with the Clean Air Act and/or the Americans with Disabilities Act. Therefore the Federal share of the cost of leasing or purchasing a transit bus is not to exceed 85 percent of the total transit bus cost. The federal share in the cost of leasing or acquiring low- or no-emission bus-related equipment and facilities is 90 percent of the net project cost.
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A Texas homeowner confronted a man he heard breaking into his vehicle just before 3 a.m. Tuesday, San Antonio police told the Express-News.
Many crooks still haven’t caught on to the very real possibility that their victims may be exercising their Second Amendment rights — and apparently this guy was no exception.
What happened next?
Indeed the homeowner told police he pulled out his gun, the paper said, adding that the man allegedly breaking into his car pulled out a gun, too.
The pair exchanged gunfire, the Express News reported, and the suspect was hit in the torso and fled the scene.
What happened to the suspect and the homeowner?
Police found the suspect’s body in the grass at Bellaire Park, the paper said, which is around the corner from the crime scene.
The homeowner wasn’t hit during the shootout, KTSA-AM reported, adding that it’s unclear if the homeowner will face criminal charges.
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